Many individuals experience indigestion, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, etc., at least occasionally. However, if these issues prevail for a long time, it could be an indication of underlying gastropathy and gastritis conditions.
Ignoring these conditions can complicate the disease and lead to serious issues like ulcers, cancers, etc. Hence, it is imperative to seek gastritis treatment on time.
Here is all you need to know about gastropathy and gastritis if you are looking to learn more about treatment of gastritis and gastropathy.
What Is Gastropathy?
It is a clinical term used to describe diseases that affect the stomach. The term ‘Gastropathy’ translates to ‘disease of the stomach’. Therefore, gastropathy may be used to indicate any health issue in your stomach, from gastritis, peptic ulcer, stomach flu, etc.
In a more specialized explanation, gastropathy means that the inner lining of your stomach, mucosa, is damaged or eroded due to several reasons. The mucosa is responsible for protecting your stomach from the digestive chemicals in your digestive system.
This erosion leads to injuries in your stomach, and it can cause ulcers, gastric issues, and even cancer if untreated for prolonged periods.
Symptoms of Gastropathy
Not all people with gastropathy exhibit symptoms. Those who show symptoms experience:
- Stomach pain in the upper stomach area.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Feeling full immediately after or during a meal.
- Loss of weight.
- Sudden loss of appetite.
Common Causes of Gastropathy
There are diverse reasons for gastropathy. However, a few common causes for the condition are given below:
- Consumption of alcohol or drugs.
- Reaction of digestive enzymes, acid, bile, etc.
- Congested or swollen blood vessels on the mucosa.
- Loss or restricted blood flow to the lining of the stomach.
What Is Gastritis?
While gastropathy is an umbrella term for many diseases in the stomach, gastritis is a more specialized term used to describe the inflammation in the mucosa of your stomach.
The inflammation is a usual response triggered by your immune system to counteract whatever is damaging the mucosa.
Types of Gastritis
A few of the common types of gastritis are given below:
These types of gastritis are sudden, and they are also temporary. The conditions that lead to acute gastritis are also acute.
These types of gastritis are chronic and long-term. Most of the time, chronic gastritis is asymptomatic, and you may not know that you have it. This is developed gradually over a long period of time and is caused by another reason.
As indicated by the name, this type of gastritis is in nature. This means that whatever is causing the condition erodes the stomach lining called mucosa.
The aftermath of this condition is ulcers, and it is caused by chemicals like acid, drugs, or even bile.
This type of gastritis may not cause erosion but leads to stomach ache, discomfort, and reddening of the stomach lining. In the case of atrophic gastritis, your stomach lining may cause a reaction and thin away, causing digestive issues.
What Are the Causes of Gastritis?
While there are many reasons for gastritis, the most common reason is a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori. The bacteria, also called h-pylori, weakens the lining of the stomach and mucosa.
This causes the digestive juices to come in contact with the skin and causes damage and inflammation.
Other diseases like Crohn’s disease can also lead to gastritis if not treated on time.
The Symptoms of Gastritis
As we have discussed above in the case of gastropathy, the symptoms of gastritis are not always obvious. While some patients show the symptoms, some do not show any.
For those who show the symptoms, the following ones are the most common.
- Black stool.
- Vomiting blood.
- Loss of weight.
- Loss of appetite.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Pain in the upper stomach.
How to Diagnose Gastritis?
Your doctor may suggest a few treatments after the initial examination and checking your medical history. However, to pinpoint the issue, you may require the following.
H. pylori Tests
- pylori is one of the major reasons for gastritis. Hence, it makes sense for the doctor to suggest you take tests to determine the bacteria’s presence in your stomach.
Usually, there are two types of tests to determine the bacteria’s presence in your body.
- Stool test
- Breath test
The kind of test depends on your condition. In the stool test, a sample is collected, and then a stool polymerase chain reaction test is conducted to determine the presence of the bacteria.
In the breath test, you are given a glass of water containing radioactive carbon. You are required to blow into a bag to collect the sample. It is then tested. If there are H. pylori in your stomach, it breaks down the test liquid, which leads to your breath sample containing radioactive carbon.
In endoscopy, the doctor uses a scope with a camera to examine the upper digestive system. The flexible tube is inserted into the mouth of the patient and into the digestive tract. The camera at the end of the tube captures the video, and the inside of the digestive system is displayed on a screen.
Your doctor may suggest this test as the first examination instead of the H. pylori test, depending on your age and other medical conditions.
Upon finding any suspicious area in your stomach, the doctor may also collect a sample for biopsy.
While not very common, X-rays are another type of test your doctor may suggest you take. In this test, an X-ray is used to take images of your small intestine, stomach, and esophagus.
The images help the doctor identify anything unusual and suggest proper treatment for gastritis.
Before the test, you may also be given a white, metallic liquid containing barium to make your digestive system and ulcers more visible.
Treatments Available for Gastritis
Gastritis treatments are available in different forms and types. However, each of these treatments of gastritis depends on the specific conditions of the patient.
Gastritis cause by the consumption of alcohol, drugs, and certain types of foods can be avoided by stopping the consumption of them.
Here are some of the medications that our doctors suggest to our patients at MH Surgery, the best gastroenterologist hospital in Bangalore.
One of the best gastritis treatments is to kill the H. pylori bacteria that cause the problem. For this, the doctor may suggest a combination of diverse antibiotic medicines, such as:
All these medicines have the capability to kill H. pylori bacteria. They must be take for at least two weeks along with the required medicines to stop the production of acid in your digestive system.
After the medication, the doctor needs to test you again to ensure that all H. pylori bacteria are destroyed to stop the treatment of gastritis.
Medications to prevent acid production and accelerate healing.
Along with taking medicines to kill H. pylori, one must take adequate medicines to reduce the production of acid and aid healing. Usually, medicines with proton pump inhibitors that reduce acid production are also prescribe.
Some of the medicines prescribed by your doctor may include:
However, this needs to be take at the advice of the doctor. Prolonged use of these medications increases the risk of spine, hip, and wrist fractures.
Medications to reduce the production of digestive acid.
A huge reason for the injuries to prevail in the stomach is the presence of digestive acid which also causes pain. The best way to prevent this is to reduce the amount of acid produced while the healing takes place. For this, acid blockers can be use.
Some of the commonly used acid blockers by our gastroenterology specialists at MH Surgery Bangalore are:
While these are over-the-counter medicines, you must only take it on the advice of a medical practitioner.
Medications to neutralize stomach acid.
Taking medicines that neutralize the acid in your stomach is one of the fastest ways to relieve pain and discomfort due to gastritis. Antacids are the major medication that your doctor may prescribe.
They are quick to work and can offer instant relief to your stomach pain caused by gastritis.
However, these antacids are not prescribe by our doctors as the primary medication, as acid blockers are a more effective solution.
Gastropathy and gastritis are not highly complex diseases. And this makes many people ignore the symptoms when they occur. This can lead to dangerous complications down the road for the patients. Therefore, it is imperative for you to seek medical help and assistance when you experience these symptoms.
At MH Surgery, the best gastroenterologist hospital in Bangalore, we have a dedicated department to take care of gastritis issues. We have Bangalore’s best gastroenterology doctors on our team to provide the best treatment available for gastritis in India.
We have a tailor-made approach to gastritis treatment, as each person is different and has a unique medical history. This individual approach has helped us treat and cure gastritis for many patients through highly effective medical interventions.
If you or anyone in your family is suffering from gastropathy or gastritis, speak to our doctors and learn what treatment is suitable for you.
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